Lenses are an essential piece of photographic equipment. But with so many options available it can be difficult to know what it all means and how to choose the right lens for your camera. Whether you’re shooting food or fashion, you really want the right lens for the job. So it’s important to understand the differences between prime and zoom lenses as well as the various focal lengths and what they’re best suited for. Here are different types of lenses, and how to choose the right lens for your camera.
Prime lenses are the right lens for your camera that feature a fixed focal length. Available in a range of focal lengths, prime lenses are known for delivering high quality images. They also generally offer much wider apertures compared to zoom lenses. Size wise, prime lenses tend to be smaller than zoom lenses, which can be a definite advantage if you’re wanting to travel light. With less moving parts, prime lenses are often also cheaper than zoom lenses. Prime lenses encourage you to explore your scene more. Being restricted to just one focal length means you have to move to find the best composition, rather than just experimenting with different focal lengths. However, you’re also limited with prime lenses. Having just one focal length means you may need several lenses to cover all your needs.
Zoom lenses are also the right lens for your camera. They’re powerful tools that cover a variety of needs. Whether you’re shooting landscapes or sport, zoom lenses offer a convenient solution by providing a variety of focal lengths. Depending on the range, you could use one lens for anything from landscape to portraiture. Flexibility is the biggest advantage of zoom lenses. Their ability to zoom reduces the need for multiple lenses. Instead, one lens can serve a variety of purposes. However, they can also be quite big and bulky and don’t always offer the wide apertures that prime lenses do.
It’s the first term to consider when you want to choose the right lens for your camera. The focal length corresponds to the zoom level of the lens. Simply put, the smaller your focal length, the wider your field of vision will be when you take your photo. In terms of focal length, there are generally 3 categories when searching for the right lens for your camera:
The Wide Angle / Ultra-Wide Angle / Wide Angle Lens:
The field of view will be very wide and the perspectives will be greater on a Tamron Ultra-Wide Angle Zoom Lens from Beachcamera.com. This type of focal length is mainly used for landscape, architectural and street photography. On a wide angle zoom, the vision often appears a little “elongated” in the viewfinder. Care should be taken to avoid vignetting and deformation with this type of focal length.
This is what you are given when you buy a camera, like the 18-55mm lens that comes with the Canon EOS Rebel T7 Kit from Beachcamera.com This type of focal length is used to give “everyday photos” such as basic portraits, street scenes, even landscapes, etc. This is often the first lens provided for beginners. There’s no need to spend thousands on a very expensive lens when you first start.
When on the search for the right lens for your camera, know that all lenses above about 100 mm are considered to be in this telephoto lens category. This type of focal length is generally used to zoom in on a subject for which you want more detail, a magnification of the scene, or a larger image. The most classic example is wildlife photography.
Remember when searching for the right lens for your camera, the choice of lens is just as important as the choice of cameras. Both are equally important to consider.